Cymraeg

Session 4:
Risk Assessments

At the end of this session you will be able to:

  • Explain the purpose of a Risk Assessment leaflet
  • Understand the importance of completing a risk assessment form
  • Explain legal requirements of companies

Risk Assessment

To ensure a safe working environment, it is necessary to be aware of the activities that take place on the farm and identify hazards which could cause a risk to health and safety. The risk may be to those working on the farm; those visiting, including contractors, other self-employed tradesmen or company salesmen; neighbours and other members of the public.

If there are children living on or regularly visiting the farm, include these in any risk assessments that you are undertaking. Hazards, which could be assessed as low risk to adults, can be of high risk to children and young people. The most vulnerable children are between one to five year old and 11 to 15.

Some activities may have a risk factor, but the scale of the risk could be so small that no major control measures need to be put in place. Other activities may have a greater risk factor and more detailed safety control measures need to be put into place.

Definitions

What is a HAZARD?

  • A hazard is anything with the potential to cause harm e.g. chemicals; electricity; dust; fumes, and organisms.

What is a RISK?

  • A risk is the chance, great or small, of the hazard causing harm.

What is risk assessment?

Risk assessment is the process of looking at your business activities and identifying any hazards. Then putting in place any measures that would eliminate the risk or reducing its severity.

Five steps to risk assessment as suggested by HSE

  • 1: Identify the hazard
  • 2: Assess extent of harm from hazard and to whom and how
  • 3: Assess the degree of risk and if existing precautions are adequate
  • 4: Record findings
  • 5: Review the assessment regularly

Examples of hazards

  • Slips, trips and falls
  • Manual handling
  • Electricity
  • Environmental Hazards
  • Chemical hazards
  • Fire
  • Noise
  • Tools
  • Machinery
  • People
  • Bacteria/viruses

Work situations and nature of harm that could be caused:

  • Cleaning out a bull pen – direct injury
  • Driving a tractor on a slope – direct injury
  • Cleaning guttering on an asbestos roof – direct injury
  • Stacking hay bales – direct injury, ill health due to dust
  • Dipping sheep – ill health short/long term
  • Knapsack spraying – ill health short/long term, possibly direct back injury also.

Case study:

Here is a typical day in the life of a dairy farmer.

Note down all the potentials risks and explain how they could be reduced.

Shan Jones gets up at 5am and makes herself a cup of tea. She goes outside and fetches the cows with her sheepdog from the field. She notices a cow has just calved. She milks the cows and during the milking she has to treat a young heifer with an intra-mammary tube and injects another cow for lameness. She uses iodine spray to prevent mastitis and has set up the formalin footbath for the cows to walk through after milking. Before going to breakfast she puts a bulling cow in with the stock bull in his pen.

After breakfast she has to treat the young calves for ringworm and also has to move 20 straw bales through a narrow passage to the calf shed. She decides to muck out the pens with a hand fork and puts lime down before strawing the pen. She notices the straw is very dusty and mouldy.

The afternoon job is to spread fertilizer as it has just rained. Her farm has a few slopes and the tractor needs to be serviced. After using the front end loader to lift the 600kg bags into the hopper she sets off about the task.

After tea she starts milking again and after supper finishes by walking around the cows to check if any are bulling. As she does this she sprays the fields with a chemical herbicide to kill the weeds. She ends the day with a hot bath and a cup of hot chocolate.

Did you spot all of the hazards?

Shan Jones gets up at 5am and makes herself a cup of tea. She goes outside and fetches the cows with her sheepdog from the field. She notices a cow has just calved. She milks the cows and during the milking she has to treat a young heifer with an intra-mammary tube and injects another cow for lameness. She uses iodine spray to prevent mastitis and has set up the formalin footbath for the cows to walk through after milking. Before going to breakfast she puts a bulling cow in with the stock bull in his pen.

Did you spot all of the hazards?

After breakfast she has to treat the young calves for ringworm and also has to move 20 straw bales through a narrow passage to the calf shed. She decides to muck out the pens with a hand fork and puts lime down before strawing the pen. She notices the straw is very dusty and mouldy.

The afternoon job is to spread fertilizer as it has just rained. Her farm has a few slopes and the tractor needs to be serviced. After using the front end loader to lift the 600kg bags into the hopper she sets off about the task.

After tea she starts milking again and after supper finishes by walking around the cows to check if any are bulling. As she does this she sprays the fields with a chemical herbicide to kill the weeds. She ends the day with a hot bath and a cup of hot chocolate.

Summary

  • Agriculture has a large variety of risky situations.
  • It is important that the process of risk assessing is done by the employer, but also constantly being done by the farm worker as they go about their daily tasks.
  • This will hopefully reduce the number of accidents on a farm.